BrasilienNaturprojekt

America

South America is a continent forming the southern part of the Americas, with the Pacific Ocean in the west, the Atlantic Ocean in the east, the Antarctic in the south and Caribbean Sea to the north. South America has a land area of approximately 17.84 million sq. km, or nearly 3.5% of the Earth’s surface. The border to North America is the border between Colombia and Panama, but sometimes the border is expected to be the Panama Canal. Central America (ie, from Mexico in the north to Panama in the south) are therefore included in North America. As regards to Latin America the preferred border is between Mexico and the United States, where the term Latin America is more culturally and linguistically based.

Countries

Argentina

Argentina is a country that offers magnificent nature, fascinating culture and a rich history.

Argentina brings associations to dramatic rhythms of tango, the culinary experience from food culture and of course the passion for Soccer which is more than a hobby here! When speaking of Argentina you also mention great names like Evita Perón, Diego Maradona and Che Guevara.

The name of this country comes from the Spanish word for silver, argento, but we dare to state that the experiences from travelling to this place are worthy of gold! Extraordinary nature and open physical landscapes are to explore in areas of Pampas and The land of Fire “Tierra del Fuego”.

Allocation and extension of the country witch extend with over 300 miles from North to South makes the Argentinian climate vary significantly. Everything from Subtropic climate to Polar climate are to be found within these six different climate regions.

In the smaller towns you will see houses decorated with colors from local football teams, from the horse-back there will be possibilities to discover the beautifulness of Pampas and with a pair of hiking boots you will have an unforgettable adventure in glaciers of Patagonia.

Everything and more is to be explored in Argentina!

Read more about Argentina

Quick facts: Argentina

Continent
Latin-america
Population
41,8 million
Capital
Buenos Aires
Currency
Argentinian pesos
Visa required
No
Outlet
220 VI
Time zone
UTC+3
Traffic
Right hand side
Country calling code
54
Languages
Spanish

Brazil, in Portuguese formally Republica Federative do Brasil,  is to both the surface and the population the largest country in South America and to the surface, the fifth largest country in the world.

Read more about Brazil

Quick facts: Brazil

Continent
Latin-america
Population
ca 192 miljoner
Capital
Brasilia
Currency
Real (BRL)
Time zone
UTC-2 to UTC-4
Country calling code
+55
Languages
Portuguese

Colombia

Colombia has a rich cultural heritage, particularly from indigenous communities Conquistadores (Europeans) and Africans. Like its culture, the country has diversity of habitats and biodiversity-rich with beautiful beaches on the Atlantic and Pacific. They also have amounts of rain forests, rivers and exotic animals including the Amazon region shared by Brazil, Venezuela, Peru, Ecuador and Bolivia. Colombians are characterized for being open, happy and warm people which has contributed to the country attracted more tourists than ever before. The British magazine The Economist awarded Colombia a price as the “land of the year 2016” after the country finally made peace with the gerrilla group FARC. That the rebells and state ran out of the conflict has led to the country becoming more tourist friendly and economically attractive while Colombians hope for a prosperous future, have become larger.

Colombia is listed on, the swedish biggest travelmagasin, Vagabonds list of “The Best Destinations in 2017” as the hottest country in South America. The country is safer then ever and has opened their arms for tourisms. Few countries can match with Colombia’s tropical climate and cool activities. You can experience activities such as riding a stationary riverboat through Amazon’s steamy jungle, ride on a thumping party bus in Cartagena, swim in the still deserted beaches of the Caribbean Sea. If you like coffee, you can also explore the world famous coffee plantations in the Zona Cafetera.

Weather

Colombia is a tropical country on the equator. This means that the country don´t have any seasons. The country has different climatic zones depending on where you are. Colombia is a mountainous country so it can for example be chilly in Bogotá and Manizales, located in the mountains, but warm and comfortable year round in Cali, Bucaramanga, Medellin, and the coast of course. Colombia is perfect to travel to year round, because the average temperature is 25 degrees celsius throughout the year.

Read more about Colombia

Quick facts: Colombia

Continent
Latin-america
Population
49,1 million
Capital
Bogotá
Currency
Colombian peso, COP
Outlet
Adapter reccurred
Time zone
UTC-5
Country calling code
+57
Languages
Spanish

Costa Rica is a republic in Central America. It is bordered by Nicaragua to the north, Panama to the southeast, the Pacific Ocean in the west and south, and the Caribbean Sea to the east. San José is the capital and also the largest city in Costa Rica with about a third of the population in the metropolitan area.

Read more about Costa Rica

Quick facts: Costa Rica

Continent
Latin-america
Population
Approx 4 million
Capital
San José
Currency
Costa Rican colón
Visa required
No
Time zone
UTC-6
Country calling code
+506
Languages
Spanish

Ecuador is a microcosm of South America – everything on the continent is also found in this small country. Here you are met by colors and scents, abundant wildlife and proud people. Did you know that the country derives its name from the equator, and most of the country lies on the south of this line.

Read more about Ecuador

Quick facts: Ecuador

Continent
Latin-america
Population
Approx 14 million
Capital
Quito
Currency
US Dollar (USD)
Visa required
No
Time zone
UTC-5 (Galapagos UTC-6)
Country calling code
+593
Languages
Spanish

Go to Mexico to experience the hot tacos in corn bread, elongated beaches and crystal clear waters, ancient and fascinating history, and a friendly atmosphere.

Approximately 22.26 million tourists visit the country every year, which has many impressive relics from the Indian high cultures which grew green before.

Read more about Mexico

Quick facts: Mexico

Continent
Latin-america
Population
122,3 million
Capital
Mexico City
Currency
Mexican Peso
Traffic
Right
Country calling code
+52
Languages
Spanish

Traveling as a volunteer in Peru is like having two trips in one. You make a trip to an exciting country that has everything: the Amazon jungle, Andean mighty peaks, the Pacific Ocean with its beautiful beaches and vibrant cities.

Read more about Peru

Quick facts: Peru

Continent
Latin-america
Population
Approx 28 million
Capital
Lima
Currency
Nuevo Sol (PEN)
Visa required
No
Time zone
UTC-5
Country calling code
+51
Languages
Spanish

Bahamas, Caribbean is the paradise of your dreams. Here you have bright white beaches, turquoise water and amazing coral reefs for scuba diving and snorkelling. Fishes in all colors, like the houses on the islands. Colors dominates the Caribbean and the environment is astonishing and beautiful.  It is easy to get around here. The local people are relaxed and here you live life in“Caribbean time” and with the lifestyle-Don’t worry be happy!

Bahamas consist of a group of islands with approximately 700 islands and islets. It covers over 260 000 km² of the Atlantic Ocean. It lays between Florida and Hispaniola. If you want to compare with something, the group of islands Bahamas is approximately 20% bigger than Jamaica. Here lives around 310 000 inhabitants. Most of them lives on the islands New Providence and Grand Bahama.

Nassau is the capital of Bahamas and is situated at New Providence.

The largest island is Andros and the Bimini islands that is situated about 80 km east of Florida. At the island Gran Bahama lays the next biggest city Freeport. The island Abaco lays east of that one. The most southeast island is Inagua. English is the offical language.

 

Read more about The CARIBBEAN – Bahamas

Quick facts: The CARIBBEAN – Bahamas

Continent
Latin-america
Population
310 000
Capital
Nassau
Currency
Bahamian dollars (BSD)
Visa required
Check with your ambassy
Outlet
adapter needed
Time zone
UTC/GMT -5
Country calling code
+12 42
Languages
English

USA

United States is the worlds only remaining super authority. The country is the forth biggest in the world and are known for the big variations in climate, landscapes, flora and fauna.  The landscape is varied, with plains that extend from the Atlantic to wooded hills in the east. Mississippi- Misouririver, the worlds forth biggest river system, cut through USA and flows into the gulf stream of Mexico. The US is a federal rebublic consisting of 50 states. The US is a nation build on immigration that consists of many ethnic groups. The proportion of European-born residents decreases while the Latin American population is steadily increasing. The US is one of the worlds most powerful country och they are working actively to remain. One example is the US:s military budget: if you create a list over 10 countries that are spending most money on the military, is the US on the top – and spends more money on the military than the 9 other countries together.

Read more about USA

Quick facts: USA

Continent
Latin-america
Population
325 million
Capital
Washington DC
Currency
US Dollars
Visa required
Contact your embassy
Time zone
UTC -4 to -10
Country calling code
+1
Languages
English

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