Sri Lanka or Ceylon is an island nation situated just south of India on the Indian Ocean. Sri Lanka is also called the pearl of the Indian Ocean and is one of the world’s largest tea producers. Emerald green tropical forests, aqua blue seas and white sparkling beaches are just some of the things that Sri Lanka is known for. This beautiful landscape together with the rich and colourful culture and culinary characteristics make Sri Lanka a great country to visit.
The Portuguese discovered the country in the 1500’s, colonizing the island. The British took over in the 1700’s until 1948, where it became an independent state. During the first decade as a free nation, tensions increased between the country’s two main ethnic groups: the Sinhalese and the Tamil. In 1972, the country became a republic under the name of Sri Lanka. After continued clashes between the two ethnic groups, war ended in 2009 where the Tamil were defeated. Since then the situation has returned to being peaceful, with most of the refugees returning home and the country was able to become prosperous again.